Painting Mediums, Dilutents & Varnishes

Schmincke mediums, dilutents & varnishes

Mussini Medium 1
Oil medium; low in oil/“fat” for thinning oil colours; does not effect drying time or gloss level.
Mussini Medium 2
Oil medium; rich in oil/“fat”; retards drying; increases gloss.
Mussini Medium 3
Oil medium; rich in resin/“lean”; accelerates drying; increases gloss.
Oil medium; accelerates through drying of thicker oil layers; remains consistency.
Medium W
Oil medium; allows oil colours to be mixed with water instead of turpentine or turpentine substitute; increases gloss and transparency; harmonizes drying process; odourless.
Picture varnish, glossy
Final varnish for paintings in oil; glossy, non-yellowing, very elastic.
Wetting agent for water-colours and gouache colours; optimizes the colours´ flow especially on greasy surfaces.
Oil of turpentine, refined
Purified oil of turpentine. Clear; low-resinous. Thinner for oil colours, oil painting mediums and varnishes based on mineral spirit; not mixable with varnishes based on alcohol; solvent for dammar resin and mastic resin. Cleaning agent for painting tools. Technique: oil, resins, varnishes (based on mineral spirit).

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Michael Harding oil painting mediums

Michael Harding offers a range of traditional mediums, oils and diluents.

Oil Paint Medium is a basic paint medium designed to ease flow and increase gloss, transparency, depth and beauty of the pigment colour. This medium is a linseed stand oil, turpentine, formulation that prevents yellowing of paint film.
Dammar Glaze Medium
A traditional glaze medium that helps to adds depth and gloss to transparent colours. Dammar Glaze Medium in known for its speedy drying time of oil colours; use with slower-drying colours.
Resin Oil Wax Medium
Resin Oil Wax Medium is a soft painting paste, derived from pure bleached beeswax then mixed with dammar resin and linseed stand oil. This popular medium creates a satin sheen and gentle impasto in paint layers. Settling of the medium may occur so allow jar to stand in hot water and stir contents until dissolved.
Beeswax Paste
Beeswax Paste is a high oil content paste based on linseed stand oil and pure bleached beeswax. This paste increases the body of oil colour with satin-matt finish which is especially useful with opaque colours.
Oleo Resin Medium
Oleo Resin Medium is a historic glaze medium based on light coloured Canada balsam fused with dammar resin and linseed stand oil. This versatile medium provides high gloss levels while imparting depth to paint films.
Balsam Resin Glaze Medium
Another historic paint medium, based on Austrian larch turpentine (Venice turpentine) made with Dammar resin and linseed stand oil. This wonderful smelling medium can be added to oil colours to enhance depth, gloss and lustre.

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Gamblin oil painting mediums

Gamblin’s family of Galkyd painting mediums and Cold Wax Medium are formulated with Gamsol.

Galkyd thins oil colors and increases transparency and gloss. When used in greater proportions with oil color, Galkyd will level brush-strokes, creating an enamel-like surface. Galkyd is our fastest-drying painting medium. Thin layers will be touch-dry in approximately 24 hours.
Galkyd Lite thins oil colors and increases transparency and gloss. When used in moderation with oil colors, Galkyd Lite will retain brushstrokes. Galkyd Lite is more fluid and less glossy compared to Galkyd. Thin layers will be touch-dry in 24 to 30 hours.
Galkyd Slow Dry thins oil colors and extends working time. Galkyd Slow Dry is more fluid and less glossy than Galkyd Lite. Use one part Galkyd Slow Dry to one part oil colors to paint wet-into-wet for at least a day.
Galkyd Slow Dry is available in the following sizes: 4 oz, 8 oz, 16 oz.
Neo Megilp is a contemporary version of Maroger. This soft gel medium maintains the body of oil colors, increases transparency and flow, and imparts a smooth, silky feel. Neo Megilp dries at a moderate rate and remains workable for hours. Neo Megilp gives colors a satin gloss.
Galkyd Gel is a stiffer gel compared to Neo Megilp that holds thicker, sharper brushmarks and dries more quickly. Galkyd Gel increases transparency of oil colors and creates impasto.
Gamblin Solvent-Free Gel is the only solvent-free painting medium that supports a broad range of painting techniques with minimal compromise.
Solvent-Free Gel gives colors more flow and transparency, yet holds the shape of your brushmark. Solvent-Free Gel has a moderately fast drying rate and increases gloss. Made from safflower oil and alkyd resin, Gamblin Solvent-Free Gel is non-toxic and contains no Gamsol or petroleum distillates.
In comparison to other solvent-free mediums, Gamblin Solvent-Free Gel supports the broadest range of painting techniques with the least compromise across color, dry time, texture and mark-making. To ensure proper drying of paint layers, Solvent-Free Gel should be used in moderation with oil colors. No more than 25% by volume. To avoid wrinkling, apply mixtures of Solvent-Free Gel and oil colors thinly.
To paint solvent-free, we recommend Gamblin Safflower Oil for cleaning brushes while you are working. After your painting session, brushes can be further cleaned using Gamsol and/or soap and water.
Cold Wax Medium is made from naturally white, pure beeswax. Formulated to knife consistency, Cold Wax Medium makes oil colors thicker and more matte. Cold Wax Medium can be used to make Gamblin mediums and Gamvar more matte. It can also be applied alone as a matte varnish.
Painters who are using more than 1/3 cold wax medium to 2/3 oil paints should paint on rigid supports or paintings may crack when moved.
By mixing 1/2 Cold Wax Medium and 1/2 G-Gel, painters can paint on flexible supports.

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Art Spectrum oil painting mediums

Artists’ Oil Painting Medium No. 1 (lean)

  • Is a permanent artists’ painting medium.
  • Is easy to apply. Simply place a small amount in a container and dip in your brush when required.
  • Is rapid drying. It can dry (harden) overnight.
  • Is cost saving. It is cheaper than paint.
  • Allows colour brilliance. Using this medium allows white ground to glow through.
  • Artists’ Oil Painting Medium No. 1 can also be used for:
    Sealing acrylic grounds. When applied direct to the acrylic ground it acts as a mild sealer and helps to prevent the ‘deadening’ effect of over absorption of the oil vehicle.
  • Preparing a coloured ground. Simply add a small amount of oil paint to the medium.
  • Underpainting. Can quickly lay down an under painting by rubbing with a soft cloth or one of the larger sized brushes.

Artists’ Oil Painting Medium No. 2 (fat)
Medium No. 2 is a fat medium. It contains more oil than Medium No. 1. It should be mixed with the oil paint as the layers of painting develop. It has some of the properties of a glazing medium but it is preferable to use Art Spectrum 24-hour Glazing Medium if very thin veils of colour are desired.
Artists’ Oil Painting Medium No. 3 (very fat)
Medium No. 3 is a thicker medium than No. 2. It is for painters who like a heavier, more viscous, medium. It is ideal for artists who paint in many layers. The artist begins with Medium No. 1, then uses Medium No. 2, then finally Medium No. 3.

Winsor & Newton painting mediums

Oils, mediums, varnishes & solvents are the perfect complement to Winsor & Newton colour ranges, allowing you to control, enhance and protect your work. Exploring these will open a world of possibilities. Try our Mediums Finder Tool to find the perfect complements for your style.

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R&F encaustic painting mediums

Encaustic Medium is an essential component to encaustic painting. Beeswax on its own will remain soft; the addition of damar resin raises the melting temperature and will allow the beeswax to cure and harden over time. Our medium is composed of 100% USP beeswax and damar resin. Medium is typically used to create transparency and extend encaustic colors. It can also be used for mixed media and sculptural applications. Encaustic Medium is the encaustic paint without pigment.
Impasto Modeling Wax

Our Impasto Modeling Wax is a blend of microcrystalline (petroleum) waxes and beeswax. It is designed for sculptural purposes. The Impasto Modeling Wax can be cast, carved, and layered to create a textural surface. Impasto is available in 333 ml cakes. The melting point of the impasto | modeling wax (175°F, 79°C) is a higher temperature than the melting point of encaustic (approximately 162°F, 72°C). The difference in temperature allows one to paint and fuse the encaustic over a shape without immediately blunting sculptural details or impasto effects.

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Matisse acrylic painting mediums and gesso

Matisse Painting Mediums are complementary products designed to make acrylic paint more versatile. They can be used with the Matisse Structure and Flow formulas, Matisse Inks and Matisse Background ranges and more.

MM1 Drying Retarder
Slows drying time when added to Matisse paints.
MM2 Impasto Medium
Provides high build relief when allowed to dry and then painted over with Matisse colours, or when mixed directly with the paint.
MM3 Surface Tension Breaker
Thins paint so that less water is required, keeping colours stronger. Ideal for Airbrush or Watercolour techniques.
MM4 Gel Medium (Gloss Finish)
Dries clear or mixes with Matisse colours to give a 3D high-gloss glaze.
MM5 Matt Medium
Add to Matisse Colours to achieve a matte sheen/finish.
MM6 Polymer Matt Varnish
Use as a final varnish or can be mixed with Matisse Colours. Non-yellowing matt finish.
MM7 Polymer Gloss Varnish
Use as a final varnish or can be mixed with Matisse Colours. Non-yellowing high gloss finish.
MM8 Spreader Medium
Add to Matisse Colours to achieve washes and glazes.
MM9 Acrylic Painting Medium
Use to increase binder content of Matisse Colours when reducing them with water.
MM10 Gesso
A full bodied permanent, flexible primer for use on canvas, paper, board or wood for paintings in acrylics or oils.
MM11 Polyurethane Satin Varnish
Water-based Polyurethane varnish with a non-yellowing hard wearing satin finish (for use on rigid surfaces only)
MM12 Clear Sealer
Use for sealing very porous surfaces such as terracotta or as a tannin blocker for “green” wood.
MM14 Gloss Varnish (turps-based)
Conservation quality solvent-based non-yellowing acrylic gloss finish varnish. Redissolves in turps to strip and clean or to rework.
MM15 Matt Varnish (turps-based)
Conservation quality solvent-based non-yellowing acrylic matt finish varnish. Redissolves in turps to strip and clean or to rework.
MM19 Polyurethane Gloss Varnish
Water-based polyurethane varnish with a non-yellowing hard wearing high gloss finish (for use on rigid surfaces only).
MM22 Print Paste
Mix with Matisse Colours to achieve brilliant transparent prints when screen printing. Slows drying time and extends colour.
MM24 Iridescent Medium
Mix with Matisse Colours to achieve lively iridescent effects
MM25 Black Gesso
A full bodied permanent, flexible primer for use on canvas, paper, board or wood for paintings in acrylics or oils.
MM26 Transparent Gesso (Pastel Primer)
A clear gesso which may be mixed with Matisse Background Colours to produce “coloured gessos” or “pastel primers”
MM27 Low Viscosity Gesso
A low viscosity alternative gesso for artists who want to brush straight from the jar.
MM28 Polymer Satin Varnish
Use as a final varnish or can be mixed with Matisse Colours. Non-yellowing satin finish.
MM29 Final Varnish Satin Finish
Conservation-quality solvent-based non-yellowing acrylic satin finish varnish. Redissolves in turps to strip and clean or to rework.
MM30 Matt Gel Medium
All the valued qualities of Derivan’s original Matisse Gel Medium, now in a matt finish.
MM31 Open Medium
Extends the “open” or “working” time of acrylics without affecting consistency.
MM32 Light Modelling Paste
A modelling compound with a lighter body and finish. Build relief and texture without the constrains of weight.
MM33 UV Conservation Varnish
Non-yellowing acrylic resin varnish containing UV inhibitors. Final clear gloss finish.
MM36 High Tooth Gesso (Encaustic)
Recommended ground for encaustic work or as a soft or oil pastel primer. High tooth finish. Permanent.
MM37 Self Leveling Medium
Additive that creates smooth, glossy finishes with minimal surface texture.

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Liquitex acrylic painting mediums and gesso

Liquitex offers the broadest range of acrylic mediums to inspire creativity at every stage of the painting process.

• Permanent
• Ph neutral when dry
• Non-yellowing
• Water resistant when dry
• Flexible, non-cracking1
• Ideal for improving adhesion
• Formulated for long-term durability
• AP Labeled2
• Manufactured with the best quality resins available
• Developed by specialized chemists, with over 50 years of experience combined

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